Four Leaf Clover
The four-leaf clover is a very rare variation of the common three-leaf clover. According to folklore, those who find a four-leaf clover are destined for good luck, as each leaf in the clover symbolises good omens for faith, hope, love and luck. St Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, used the shamrock to explain the Holy Trinity, the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, with the fourth leaf meaning the Grace of God.
The superstition is thought to date back as far as the biblical story of Adam and Eve when Eve was banished from the Garden of Eden, she took a four-leaf clover with her to remind her of paradise.
The earliest mention of "fower-leafed or purple grasse" is from 1640 and says that it was kept in gardens because it was "good for the purples in children or others". A description from 1869 says that four-leaf clovers were "gathered at night-time during the full moon by sourceresses, who mixed it with vervain and other ingredients, while young girls in search of a token of perfect happiness made quest of the plant by day".
The first reference to luck might be from an 11-year-old girl, who wrote in an 1877 letter to St. Nicholas Magazine, "Did the fairies ever whisper in your ear, that a four-leaf clover brought good luck to the finder?"
Is a four-leaf clover bad luck? A lesser known fact about four-leaf clovers is that they aren't the luckiest symbol after all. Irish legend indicates that those who find a five-leaf clover will actually have more luck and financial success than those who just find a four-leaf clover. Some claim that six leaves to be fame and seven to be longevity.